As we celebrate Canada Day, it’s an opportunity to reflect on all the great things our country offers, including supporting the potential of young engineers. The story of Pampa Dey is one of our favorites– originally shared in October 2017.

Pampa Dey Engineering PhDAs a young girl, Pampa Dey lived with her parents and two siblings in a small one-room house in the remote village of Ranibandh, India where a kerosene lamp was often the only source of light. Starting at the tender age of 10, she worked as a part-time cashier in her father’s small sweet shop to help support her family.

Growing up with what she describes as “very small ambitions,” Dey fully expected to stay in Ranibandh and marry at 17 or 18, following the path taken by most women in her village, including her older sister. Instead, she took a different direction and left home to pursue a postsecondary education. Thirteen years and three degrees later, Dey received her doctorate in engineering at Waterloo’s 2017 fall convocation.

Unlike her parents whose formal education ended after Grade 4, Dey went to high school where she was a top student. When she was in what is equivalent to Grade 12 in Canada, she was persuaded to take India’s university entrance exam.

“One of my school teachers, who saw something in me, brought the required form to my home for my father to sign,” she recalls. “I traveled 60 kilometres to write the two-day exam.”

After learning his daughter had scored 90 percent on the exam, Dey’s father contacted a distant relative to take her to Jadavpur University, a top university in Kolkata, India, to apply for admission.

While filling out forms at the university, Dey didn’t know what to put down as a major so she asked for advice from another prospective student. When the woman said she was applying to civil engineering because “it was a good program,” Dey decided to do so as well even though she admits she knew nothing about the subject.

“I didn’t even know what engineering was at the time,” she laughs.

After she was admitted to the program, her father scraped up enough money to pay for the first month. Then on her own financially, Dey supported herself throughout the rest of her degree with a number of academic scholarships.

Dey went on to complete a master’s degree in civil engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur.  At convocation, she received a gold medal for the best academic performance in the master of technology program in structural engineering.

Passionate about carrying on with her university studies, Dey taught for over a year to help finance her doctoral degree.

She applied to the University of Waterloo because of its “exceptional reputation” and in 2012 started working on her PhD under the co-supervision of civil and environmental engineering faculty members Sriram Narasimhan and Scott Walbridge. Dey’s research focused on improving the vibration performance of aluminum bridges.

One of the biggest obstacles Dey faced when she arrived in Canada was her limited knowledge of the English language. She credits the help she received from faculty members and other students for her vastly improved verbal and written skills.

Narasimhan, also the Canada Research Chair in Smart Infrastructure, is one of many who supported Dey.

“We often get caught up on student finish lines and forget where some of our graduates started in their lives to achieve what they have,” he says. “Through her focus, hard work and intelligence, Pampa has come further than most to achieve what she has so far.”

Narasimhan describes Dey as a great role model for women aspiring to pursue STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) disciplines, especially those facing economic, social and cultural barriers in pursuit of higher education and careers.

While on campus, Dey met her now-husband who is also from India. He majored in applied mathematics at Waterloo and is now a postdoctoral research fellow at Princess Margaret Hospital in Toronto.

Much to Dey’s delight, post-secondary education has become much more important in Ranibandh over the past decade. Whenever she travels home, she informally speaks to as many young students as possible about the benefits of pursuing higher education.

With Dey’s support, her younger sister has become a nurse and now works at a local hospital. Her older sister has learned how to operate a computer and, with Dey’s encouragement, now co-owns a business with her husband.

Pampa Dey’s parents are extremely proud of what she has accomplished.

“My father was honoured when he became recognized in the village as having the daughter with a 90 per cent university entrance average,” she says smiling.

Although her parents weren’t in attendance at last October’s fall convocation – neither has ever been on a plane – they cheered her on in spirit. Both stayed up until after 2 a.m. (Ranibandh, India time) to see the photos and video of their daughter receiving her doctoral degree that her husband recorded and sent to Dey’s younger sister’s cell phone.

“I told them to sleep, but they were too excited to go to bed,” Dey says.

The newly-minted doctoral graduate is currently working as a Waterloo civil engineering postdoctoral research fellow with Narasimhan. Her research is focused on early leak detection of water distribution systems, a different area from the one she explored for her doctoral studies.

“Water loss is a huge issue,” she says. “The objective of the research is to detect leaks automatically through sensors.  It’s a steep learning curve for me, but I’m enjoying it a lot.”

Dey’s next goal down the road? To become a university professor.

“I never thought I’d come this far in life,” she says smiling.  “I now know that I can explore anything and achieve my dreams in a way I never thought possible.”