Shahid Haider is developing a device he hopes will let people with Type 1 diabetes test their blood sugar levels without the painful prick of a needle.
The systems design engineering master’s student was inspired to create the device – which takes pictures of the eye to determine blood glucose concentrations – after watching his younger brother struggle with the daily monitoring of his levels.
“I’ve seen first-hand my brother’s struggles in trying to determine his blood sugar levels; what he can eat, what he can’t eat, and how much insulin he should take,” says Haider. “That sparked my interest in trying to find a non-invasive and painless solution for checking blood glucose levels.”
Haider is working to make his technology, which is small enough to fit into a child’s hands, even smaller and the readings more precise. His goal is for the technology to one day be incorporated into prescription eye glasses for continual monitoring that doesn’t interfere with people’s daily activities.
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body either cannot produce insulin or the insulin, produced by the pancreas, cannot be used properly. In Canada, there are 3.3 million people living with diabetes and if not properly managed it can result in eye, kidney and heart damage as well as death.
Haider is hoping to improve the quality of life for people, especially children, living with diabetes and to help them manage their illness more easily so they don’t suffer serious complications. The age of onset for diabetes is often adolescence, a stage in life that makes the daily, intensive monitoring of blood glucose concentrations especially difficult.
“We’ve done several proof of concept experiments to show we can determine the difference in blood glucose levels so people can know whether they’re at a typical glucose level or above or below it,” says Haider.
His life-enhancing research was recognized with the international 2014 Norman Edmund Inspiration Award. The honour acknowledges exceptional research that inspires others, in particular children, to pursue careers in science and technology by developing new devices to advance medical sciences and cure any illnesses that they may face throughout their lives.
Haider, a member of Waterloo Engineering’s Vision and Image Processing Research Group, is committed to continuing his research at the University of Waterloo where he will pursue his doctoral studies. While testing on humans is still a way off, Haider won’t have far to look for volunteers. Besides his brother, two of Haider’s friends, both University of Waterloo students, are diabetics and willing participants.
“They are both fully on board,” says Haider.